How useful is a limited liability company for a foreigner who wishes to buy land or purchase property?
This is one of the most popular methods employed by
foreign investors who want to buy land or purchase
property in Thailand. Although Thai law generally
requires Thai nationals to own a majority interest
in a company in order to legally purchase land or
property, various legal documents and procedures can
be used to provide greater protection for foreign
I am an American who owns 100 per cent of a Thailand-registered company under the Amity Treaty. Am I able to use this Amity Treaty company to buy land or purchase property?
Unfortunately, an Amity Treaty company only allows
Americans to transact in certain types of businesses.
Under the Treaty, Americans can own a majority share
in a Thai company but they are not granted the right
to buy or purchase land in Thailand.
How many types of title deeds are available for private land ownership?
There are mainly three types of title deeds for private
land ownership in Thailand. The best title deed for
land ownership is the Chanot (Nor Sor 4), which must
be registered at the Land Department in the province
in which the land is located. Although it is possible
for a land parcel to be commonly held by several individuals,
only the person whose name is indicated on a Chanot
has all the legal rights to that land. The deed can
act as evidence of ownership, and it can be used to
engage in legal acts upon that land as allowed by
The second and third best title deeds are the Nor
Sor 3 Gor and the Nor Sor 3. For Nor Sor 3 title deeds,
the Land Department does not utilize official markers
to designate land boundaries. As a result, these title
deeds have less specific land demarcation than the
Foreigners who intend to buy land should also be aware
of the problematic "possessory right". This
land-ownership right is not substantiated by a title
at the Land Department but it is shown using tax payments.
(Nor Sor 4)
Sor 3 Gor
best title deed. Used while awaiting measurement
for a Chanot.
best title deed. Ownership may be established;
Less specific boundary demarcation than a Chanot.
of the weakest land rights. Normally an inherited
land right proven by tax payments at the local